Ancient Greece


The Ancient Greece is a civilization that is so much talked about. It happened in Greece during the Archaid period that lasted from the 8th to the 6th century before Christ. Also included in this period is the Classical Greece. The cities in Greece actively revolted against the Persian Invasion. During this classical period, there was a lot of growth in philosophy that greatly influenced the revolution of the Greece. It was the central pillar of the culture of the people in Greece. This led to the foundation of the Western Culture. This is the culture that cradled the Western Civilization.

Political Organization of the Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece has got many mountains, rivers and hills that fragment it in many portions. This led to it having many hundreds of city states that considered themselves as independent. These city states commonly known as the poleis were mainly built on the basis of kingdoms or tribe. This however did not break down Ancient Greece. The people considered themselves as one who shared a common religion language and culture. This oneness, however, did not undermine the independence of the poleis. They remained independent but aware and cautious of the great ancient Greece and what held them together. Each city state had a chance to make its decisions. This is strongly seen during the Persian invasion. Some cities came together to repel the invasion. Most of the poleis, however, remain partial and did not go to war. When they lost individuals cities went back to being independent as before the invasion and the merger to go to war. However, during the Classical Period cities started coming together to form leagues of membership. They were larger and few that were dominated by the major cities like Athens, Thebes and Sparta. These leagues were compelled by the fear of attacks and in preparation for war.

Social Structure

The governments of the city-states only felt responsible for the protection of native-born men, land owning and free citizens. Others falling outside these groups could not enjoy full protection from the poleis. People were divided into three classes that were determined by wealth. There was, however, no reservation for special treatment because of social prominence. On the issue of slaves, they did not have any power or status. They did not have any political right. Slaves were only allowed to own property and had families if their masters agreed to it. Masters were however not allowed to beat or kill their slaves. City-states also had their slaves. These slaves enjoyed better rights than those owned by individuals.